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Surgery of the Pediatric Spine

Surgery of the Pediatric Spine


Format: Hardback
ISBN: 9781588903426
Publication Date: January 2008

A single-volume reference for managing pediatric spine disorders and disease

Ideal for neurosurgeons, pediatric neurosurgeons, and orthopedic surgeons, Surgery of the Pediatric Spine is a comprehensive multidisciplinary reference for the surgical management of the most frequently encountered spine problems in the pediatric patient. An overview of developmental and clinical aspects provides essential information on biomechanics, neuroimaging, preoperative evaluation, anesthesia, and neurophysiological monitoring. The book goes on to present the surgical anatomy and various approaches to the spine and spinal cord. Chapters are grouped into easy-to-reference sections that are organized by type of problem, including congenital anomalies and developmental disorders; neoplasms; vascular malformations; inflammatory and infectious diseases; neuromuscular disease; trauma; and deformities. The book also presents special techniques for the treatment of spinal deformity, such as osteotomy, vertebrectomy, VEPTR expansion thoracoplasty, and fusionless techniques. A chapter devoted to the rehabilitation of children with spinal cord injury covers the principles and key concepts in treatment, as well as the possible secondary complications and challenges that are unique to pediatric patients.


  • Clinical insights from well-known experts in the fields of neurosurgery, pediatric neurosurgery, and orthopedics
  • Detailed information for each stage of management guides the reader through clinical presentation, diagnostic studies, indications, operative techniques, nonsurgical treatments, possible complications, and outcomes
  • More than 1,000 illustrations and images demonstrate key concepts
  • Numerous cases in selected chapters illustrate management principles and treatment outcomes

An invaluable resource for multidisciplinary approaches to patient care, this comprehensive text provides readers with a solid foundation in the specific issues associated with treating the pediatric patient with spine disease and disorders.

I Development and Clinical Aspects of the Pediatric Spine
1 Neural and Vertebral Column Embryogenesis
2 Biomechanics of the Pediatric Spine
3 Neuroimaging of the Spine and Spinal Neuraxis in Childhood
4 Clinical and Preoperative Evaluation of Pediatric Spinal Disorders
5 Anesthesia for Pediatric Spine Surgery
6 Neurophysiological Monitoring during Pediatric Spine Surgery
II Surgical Anatomy and Approaches to the Spine and Spinal Cord
7 Neuroanatomy of the Spinal Cord
8 Cervical Anatomy and Surgical Approaches
9 Thoracic and Lumbar Anatomy and Surgical Approaches
10 Lumbosacral Junction and Pelvic Anatomy and Surgical Approaches
III Congenital Anomalies and Developmental Disorders
11 Craniovertebral Junction Anomalies
12 Chiari Malformations and Syringomyelia
13 Open Dysraphism: Myelomeningoceles
14 Occult Spinal Dysraphism: Lipomyelomeningoceles
15 Dermal Sinus
16 Split Cord Malformations
17 Tethered Cord Syndrome
18 Lumbar Disk Herniations
19 Congenital and Developmental Spinal Stenosis
20 Spondylolysis and Spondylolithesis
IV Neoplasms
21 Intramedullary Spinal Cord Tumors
22 Intradural Extramedullary Spinal Cord Tumors
23 Neurofibromatosis
24 Benign Primary Tumors of the Spine
25 Malignant and Metastatic Tumors of the Spine
V Vascular Malformations of the Pediatric Spine
26 Vascular Malformations of the Spinal Cord
27 Spinal Arteriovenous Fistulas
28 Spinal Cord Cavernous Malformations
VI Inflammatory and Infectious Diseases of the Pediatric Spine
29 Inflammatory Diseases of the Spine: Ankylosing Spondylitis
30 Inflammatory Diseases of the Spine: Juvenie Rheumatoid Arthritis
31 Spinal Infection
32 Spinal Tuberculosis
VII Pediatric Neuromuscular Disease and Spinal Deformity
33 Neuromuscular Spinal Deformity and Treatment
34 Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy and Treatment of Childhood Spasticity
35 Muscular Dystrophy
36 Spinal Deformity in Cerebral Palsy
37 Poliomyelitis Scoliosis
38 Spinal Deformity in Myelomeningocele
VIII Pediatric Spinal Trauma and Surgical Management
39 Spinal Cord Injury in Children: Evaluation and Early Treatment Principles
40 Cervical Spine Trauma in Children, Including Spinal Cord Injury without Radiographic Abnormality
41 Pediatric Thoracolumbar Spine Trauma
42 Injury Modulation and Spinal Cord Regeneration
IX Pediatric Spinal Deformities and Treatment
43 Congenital Scoliosis
44 Congential Kyphosis
45 Spinal Deformity Secondary to Dysplasias and Other Diseases
46 Infantile and Juvenile Scoliosis
47 Nonsurgical Treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
48 Surgical Treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
X Special Techniques for Treatment of Spine Deformity
49 Nonsurgical Treatment of Spinal Deformities
50 Pediatric Occipital Cervical Instrumentation
51 Pediatric Anterior Cervical Instrumentation
52 Pediatric Instrumentation of the Posterior Subaxial Spine
53 Decision Making on Anterior versus Posterior versus Combined Approaches for Idiopathic Adolescent Scoliosis
54 Posterior Instrumentation for Thoracic, Thoracolumbar, and Lumbar Scoliosis
55 Scheuermann Disease
56 Anterior Instrumentation for Thoracic, Thoracolumbar, and Lumbar Spine
57 Endoscopic and Mini-Open Treatment Techniques for Idiopathic Scoliosis
58 Thorascopic Anterior Release and Fusion in the Prone Position
59 Osteotomies for Correction of Pediatric Spine Deformities
60 Vertebrectomy and Posterior Substraction Osteotomies for Correction of Severe Thoracic and Lumbar Spinal Deformity
61 Sacropelvic Fixation
62 Operative Management of High-Grade Spondylolisthesis: Techniques for Deformity Reduction
63 Treatment of Thoracic Insufficiency Syndrome Associated with Exotic Scoliosis with VEPTR Expansion Thoracoplasty
64 Growing Rod Technique for the Treatment of Progressive Early-Onset Scoliosis in Fusionless Surgery for Spine Deformity
65 Indications for Revision Surgery in the Field of Pediatric Spinal Problems
XI Rehabilitation
66 Rehabilitation of Children with Spinal Cord Injury

Lavishly illustrated with high-quality radiographs and line drawings. Tables are clearly labeled and easy to understand... A high-quality text which gives useful up-to-date information concerning management of the pediatric spine. The authors should be commended for their collaborative efforts and their accomplishment in addressing a very complex topic in a comprehensive way.--Journal of Neurosurgery

"Numerous clinical cases are included to highlight particular challenges. The text is supplemented with over 1000 black-and-white images and 73 tables. Chapters are generously augmented with references, with many chapters citing over 100 articles. The broad subject coverage and detailed, well-researched chapters combine to form a fine text that offers readers a thorough understanding of pediatric spine disease and its current management."--AANS (American Association of Neurological Surgeons) Young Neurosurgeons' Newsletter

"Comprehensive...This book now effectively becomes the authoritative reference for pediatric spine excellent resource...It should be considered valuable for any orthopedic surgeon or neurosurgeon who has an interest in pediatric spinal disease and will remain a valued reference for many years as the field continues to evolve and mature."--The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences

"A multidisciplinary reference...chapters are grouped into easy-to-reference invaluable resource for multidisciplinary approaches to patient care."--European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology

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